Hartford County Connecticut Genealogy and History
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Hartford County, Connecticut genealogy and family history page is a place where you can come in and research your genealogy and family history. We also do our best to provide a history of the area, to provide you with an overview of the time in which your ancestors lived.
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Early History Of Hartford County, Connecticut
Hartford County was one of four original counties in Connecticut established on May 10, 1666, by an act of the Connecticut General Court.
As established in 1666, Hartford County consisted of the towns of Windsor, Wethersfield, Hartford, Farmington, and Middletown. The "Thirty Miles Island" referred to in the constituting Act was incorporated as the town of Haddam in 1668. In 1670, the town of Simsbury was established, extending Hartford County to the Massachusetts border. In the late 17th to early 18th centuries, several more towns were established and added to Hartford County: Waterbury in 1686 (transferred to New Haven County in 1728), Windham in 1694 (transferred to Windham County in 1726), Hebron in 1708 (transferred to Tolland County in 1785), Coventry in 1712 (transferred to Windham County in 1726), and Litchfield in 1722 (transferred to Litchfield County in 1751).
In 1714, all of the unincorporated territory north of the towns of Coventry and Windham in northeastern Connecticut to the Massachusetts border were placed under the jurisdiction of Hartford County. Windham County was constituted in 1726, resulting in Hartford County losing the towns of Windham, Coventry, Mansfield (incorporated in 1702), and Ashford (incorporated in 1714). Northwestern Connecticut, which was originally placed under the jurisdiction of New Haven County in 1722, was transferred to Hartford County by 1738. All of northwestern Connecticut was later constituted as the new Litchfield County in 1751. In 1785, two more counties were established in what was now the U.S. state of Connecticut: Tolland and Middlesex. This mostly resulted in the modern extent of Hartford County. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the establishment of several more towns resulted in minor adjustments in the bounds of the county. The final adjustment resulting in the modern limits occurred on May 8, 1806, when the town of Canton was established.
Hartford County Genealogy Records
|Biographies||Cemetery Records||Census Records|
|Church Records||Cities & Towns||County Records|
|Family Bibles||History||Land Records|
|Military Records||Miscellaneous Data||Newspaper Data|
|Obituaries||School Records||Vital Records|
Genealogy Research in Hartford County Connecticut
Connecticut Counties do not have a county government, the government is at the town level.
Town Clerks have birth, marriage, death and land records
Clerk of the Superior Court has divorce and court records from 1800
Probate Court has probate records.
Connecticut State Library
231 Capitol Ave.
Hartford, CT 06106
- Hampden County, Massachusetts (north)
- Tolland County (east)
- New London County (southeast)
- Middlesex County (south)
- New Haven County (southwest)
- Litchfield County (west)